20 Grilling Mistakes
I would like to applaud all of the awesome backyard barbecuers out there who take a step by step, methodical approach to great grilling. You are getting rewarded with smokey and flavorful results because of this.
Unfortunately, there are just as many who think that all it takes to put together a successful backyard barbecue is being able to start a fire and flip around some meat on the grill.
You know the ones I’m talking about. The meat is just a little overdone, maybe chemical flavored, dried out, tough, blackened, or even undercooked and bordering on dangerous.
It doesn’t matter if it is outdoor or in, cooking is still a science. No matter what your pops may have taught you, grilling is more about planning and patience than about fire and meat. It doesn’t take much to turn your juicy burgers into dried out hockey pucks or to have your chicken end up as tough as leather.
If you have had a few hiccups in the past, you’re not alone. Even master grillers are sometimes guilty of these easy to make and common mistakes and just about everyone makes at least one of them.
So before firing up the grill for your next cookout read about these 20 grilling mistakes and how you can avoid them.
Not Knowing The Difference Between Barbecuing And Grilling
If you ask most people what the difference is between“barbecuing” and “grilling,” they will most likely tell you it means the same thing. To the experienced outdoor cook, that couldn’t be farther from the truth.
Barbecuing is to cook your food “low and slow” or for a long time over low indirect heat. This applies to your bigger, thicker meats like brisket, pork shoulder or ribs.
Grilling is to cook your food “hot and fast” or directly over an open flame or coals at a very high heat. This applies to your thinner meats like steaks, hamburgers, and hotdogs.
Many people will continue to use the general term “barbecue” for both, (myself included many times,) but you should at least understand the different cooking methods and be able to apply them to what you are cooking.
Forgetting To Prep Ahead Of Time
Before you light that grill, make sure you have everything you need and your foods are prepared and ready for the fire. Don’t forget your fuel, tools, and sauces. The quickest way to ruin a meal is having to rush back and forth for the things you forgot to get done or need and leaving your food unattended.
You Don't Pay Attention To Food Safety
Don’t spoil the day by serving contaminated food. Most issues can be avoided by following food safety guidelines. Always wash your hands with soap and hot water after handling raw meat.
Make sure to wash every dish, platter, and utensil thoroughly after it has come in contact with uncooked meat. Be especially diligent when cooking with chicken or any type of ground meat. Make sure raw meat doesn't come into contact with other foods, like veggies or buns.
Salting At The Incorrect Time
Salting your meat at the correct time goes a long way to preparing awesome tasting food on your grill. Salt can be a very powerful seasoning when used the correct way.
Salt will draw out moisture from the meat, which is a bad thing. This can be avoided by either salting an hour or so in advance to allow the salty liquid time to reabsorb into the meat, or you should salt right before the meat goes on the grill.
Any time in between – especially the 15-20 minutes prior time frame will cause the moisture to stay in the salt and evaporate and not be reabsorbed into the meat.
You Don’t Have The Right Tools
You don’t need all the fancy bells and whistles or latest gadgets to have a successful cookout. But you do need the proper and basic tools to get the best results. This includes:
- A grill brush because you should always start with a clean grill.
- Charcoal Chimney Starter or some way to start your fuel.
- Long-handled tongs and/or a long handled heavy-duty spatula.
- A meat thermometer so you know when your meat is cooked and safe to eat.
- A basting brush and a grill basket for vegetables.
You're Not Lighting Your Grill Correctly
The simple truth is, no matter how long you let a fire burn that was started with lighter fluid, you will taste it on your food, and that's not
good. This can be remedied by avoiding using lighter fluid or matchlight charcoal. They are loaded with chemicals that will penetrate into your food. Try using natural charcoal with a charcoal chimney starter or other charcoal lighting techniques.
You’re Not Preheating Your Grill
Not only is preheating your grill a great time to clean the grates, but it's also crucial to getting the best cooking results. The basic facts are that metal or cast iron grates will take a while to heat up. The coals may be hot, but that doesn’t necessarily mean your cooking surface is.
If you throw your meat on before the grill is hot enough, it will most likely stick to the grates and you won’t be getting those nice, dark grill marks. You may also end up overcooking your meat trying to get a good sear.
So practice patience when lighting your grill. After you light it, shut the lid to help trap and bring up the heat. Give it around 15-20 minutes, and resist the urge to keep checking on the flames. Your meat will cook faster, and be more tender and moist.
Hot grills are also easier to clean, which leads us to…
You Started With A Dirty Grill
Chances are, your grill grates have seen countless chicken breasts, steaks, sausages, and skewers. This adds up and probably means they’re coated in grease and bits of food.
The problem with that though is that you are probably going to ruin tonight's meal. The leftovers can give your food a slightly bitter flavor and greatly increase the probability of flare-ups.
It’s easiest to remove the grease and food leftovers when the grates are heated, so I recommend using a wire grill brush right after preheating your grill.
You Are Spreading The Coals Before They Are Fully Grey
Again I stress patience! There's a good reason everyone says to wait until the coals are gray and ashy. Coals that are still half black and only
moderately hot will very quickly move to inferno levels as the coals continue to catch. A too hot fire can over cook or burn your food quickly.
Temperature control is key when it comes to successful grilling. Waiting for the charcoal to stabilize and create an even cooking area is the best way to avoid mistakes.
You’re Overcrowding The Grill
We’ve all been there. You are cooking for a big group, everyone is hungry and you are cooking several different types of food because some people like chicken, some burgers and some like the sausages. The pressure is on to get things cooked and served quickly.
It’s best to focus on cooking one type if meat at a time and doing it well instead of crowding the grill with everything. Some meats need to be cooked faster and hotter than others while some need to be cooked off the fire and more slowly.
The second problem with crowding the grill is that you may be blocking the airflow and slowing done the hot air circulation causing your meat to cook more slowly.
You're Grilling With Too Much Direct Heat
When I first started out, I always thought the hotter the better. I’d load up the coals, then spread them evenly over the entire bottom of the grill. I’d end up with a super hot grill with no safe zone for indirect heat.
This makes it very difficult to control the rate at which your food is cooked. The bigger the fire, the better to sear and char and the tastier the meat right? WRONG!
If your fire is too hot your meat will start to burn on the outside before it's even close to hitting medium rare in the center. Without a place to move it for indirect cooking, you will either burn your food or be leaving it raw in the center.
You want to sear the meat, then cook around the open flame to finish.
You Are Not Using The Lid Properly
The lid is there for more than keeping the rain out. It performs a very important function and that is trapping the hot air and food infusing smoke. But there is a time to use it and a time when it is better off. The trick is knowing when you need it and when you don’t.
The basic rule here is if you're cooking on a gas grill, opening the lid will make you lose heat and extend the cooking time. If you're cooking on a charcoal grill, opening the lid will add oxygen and heat up the coals making it hotter. This could result in burnt or overcooked food.
You Are Not Using Your Vents Correctly
Believe it or not, your vents aren’t just a decoration. What effect could they possibly have on my flame? Adjusting the position of the vents to add or slow done the airflow is the best way to control the oxygen and heat within your charcoal grill.
Too much air and your coals can burn quickly and very hot. Not enough air can leave you with too low and unsafe cooking temperatures or smother the flame completely. The key is to practice using your vents until you get a feel for how much air will get you to the desired temperatures.
You Keep Messing With The Meat
I won’t stoop to the “guys can’t help messing with their meat” line because that would just be lame. Oops, I just did. Forgive me that one.
When you place the meat on the grill, leave it be until you start to see a crust forming on the side that's in contact with the grates. That should be about 2 to 4 minutes depending on how hot your coals are. It should go without saying but this goes double for prodding and poking the juice out of your meat.
You Are Saucing Too Early
Your sauce actually does very little penetrating beyond the top layer regardless of how early you put it on. At most, it is just for surface flavor. The same flavorful sugars that caramelize and glaze will also burn when left on the heat for too long. It will end up giving you an acrid and blackened crust when applied to early.
With that being said, you should wait to add it towards the end of the cook. You will get much more flavor from it without the risk of burned food. It is best to wait until the last 5-10 minutes to apply the sauce with a brush or mop.
You’re Poking The Meat To See If It Is Done
One of the hardest things for the beginner griller is cooking food to the correct doneness and let's face it, either undercooked or overcooked meat can ruin the meal. So unless you’re a professional and have thousands of cooks under your belt, poking meat to see if it is done is unrealistic.
Leave the poking to the professionals and invest in an easy to read digital thermometer or meat probe. This takes all the guesswork out of it and leaves you with the best results every time.
Cooking By Time Rather Than Temperature
I can’t tell you how many times I have been asked how long should I cook a steak, or how long until the meat is done? The simple answer is, it is done when it is done.
Anytime you cook outdoors, several variables can affect the cooking time. Some of these include:
- Fuel type
- The weather
- The ambient temperature
- The temperature of the meat when it gets put on the grill grate
- The meat thickness
Because of this, every cook will be different and require a different amount of time to complete depending on the above variables. This means temperature will always be a better gauge to when the meat will be ready.
You Are Not Being Patient With The Overall Process
If you have noticed by now, a common theme when cooking outdoors is patience. Outdoor cooking requires you to be able to adjust to the cooking environment, weather and so on. There are so much more variables than cooking indoors.
Outdoor grilling requires practice, patience and staying flexible.
You’re Serving The Food Too Soon
Unless you’re cooking using the reverse sear method, cutting into or serving your meat too soon will cause a deluge of juices to run out all over your plate or cutting board. That is why it is suggested to let your meat rest a minimum of 5 to 10 minutes after you remove it from the grill and before serving it.
The time allows the meat to rest, which allows the juices to redistribute inside the steak and will make it more tender and juicy when you finally do cut into it.
You Are Cutting Your Meat Wrong
Yes, there is a specific way your meat should be cut and that is slicing against the natural grain. If you are slicing it with the grain, you are
doing it wrong. Cutting with the grain is actually a big key to the tenderness of the meat.
Cutting across the grain (muscle fibers,) will shorten them and make them easier to chew.
Let’s face it…we’ve all been guilty of committing at least one of these crimes while grilling. The key is to understand what it is you are doing wrong, planning ahead and be prepared.
A lot of effort goes into making a good grilled meal, not to mention money. All it takes are a few bad results to hopefully make you reconsider your methods and make a change.
And finally, here is a bonus tip that will help make your next cookout a success. Grill with family or friends and enjoy the moments! Add a little love to the mix and you will never go wrong.
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I hope you've enjoyed my tips on 20 Grilling Mistakes You Probably Don't Know You're Making and it proves helpful to you. I also hope that you are one step closer to joining me in “The Grilling Life”!